What’s the future? We, the youth, will shape it, but how it’s gonna look like?
Not only intellectuals, politicians, business leaders, artists but also your friends, family and the man in the street will give you their opinions on how the future will look like. That it will be different, that’s certain, but how it’s gonna look like in detail will nobody predict right. Still it’s topic which interest many students, as we could see on December the 5th when the lunch lecture with Stefan Hyttfors reached full capacity.

Stefan Hyttfors opened with the shocking truth that we don’t know the future, but it doesn’t restrain us to use the sources of the future. From 08/08 this year, we are borrowing resources from the future until 31/12. If we continue this trend, we will use more than 3 times the yearly available resources available in 2050.

He continued with critics on the current solutions proposed to battle the current and future problems. Economists focus on the importance of economic growth. But we have seen that the consumption pattern in Sweden, as a result of the high economic growth, gave Sweden a place in the top ten of countries ranked by ecological footprint per capita(http://www.footprintnetwork.org/ecological_footprint_nations/ecological_per_capita.html). Politicians focus on job creation, but only 13% of the people worldwide say that they are engaged in their work (http://www.gallup.com/poll/165269/worldwide-employees-engaged-work.aspx).

So, what’s the solution? Stefan Hyttfors argues that future solutions must be based on innovation, creating more value with less resources and finding new ways to solve old problems. Still following Moore’s law means that change will never be this slow again and we will need this new technologies to create a better future. Stefan Hyttfors told us that it is predicted that 700 of 1000 biggest incumbent firms today, will disappear in the next 10 years. Mainly because they are not able to change fast enough and disruptive innovations will harm their position. The risk of ignorance, focusing too much on ROI when judging new technologies, is one of the reasons. A well known example is KODAK who didn’t listen to its employee Steve when he came up with the first digital camera, and we all know what happened after.

Stefan Hyttfors argues that the best method of creating more value with less resources is digitalizing. Digitalization means dematerialization and decentralization and involves power shifts. Technology is borderless and more powerful than Politics (limit to a place), money and an idea. It’s likely that technology, especially artificial intelligence, will replace a lot of people and so jobs in the future, another part of our jobs will change drastically.

Stefan Hyttfors gave us an interesting lecture about the innovation part of the future. But as much interesting for me is the social part, will the society be able to deal with this exponentially growing rate of innovation and changes in social structures. And will politics have enough power, courage and knowledge to create the right frame for this?
That’s the topic for another lunch lecture!

The competition is based on Stockholm’s vision of providing a city that can be shared and enjoyed by all. In order to take to the vision closer, an award is set to invite companies and individuals. We can use the City of Stockholm’s open data to create a digital service, such as an app, web service or product.Stockholm is a city growing fast and full of innovation. The whole city produces a lot of valuable data because of its high-tech management and the developers hope to have an opportunity of proving themselves.

That’s how open innovation works here. The data from different organisations are opened to public and more people are involved to the innovation. Setting an award attracts participants even more. And the final propose is to create value for Stockholm.

There are two tracks of the competition, the first one is ‘A financially Sustainable Stockholm & A Climate-Smart Stockholm’, the second one is ‘A cohesive Stockholm and A democratically sustainable Stockholm’. I focused on the second track.

As shown in the picture, I’m shocked by the coverage of the kinds of data. What a chance for developers to make full use of the resources and show their talent.

1Although it’s beyond my ability to actually implement a software. I tried to come up with some ideas. For example, in order to implement the function of wide selection of sports, culture and leisure, a new service is needed. Using the method I learned from ‘Finding Your Innovation Sweet Spot’, the Multiplication, I try to combine a map with booking service. With the help of the new service, we may search the nearest place of sports or leisure, then check the schedule of booking or status of occupy. So now we may easily know where’s the nearest available ideal place to go. And for those public filed without a booking function, we may announce to others when we are using it, so others can know that before come and leave with despair. Also we can set alarm so that we can know the place is available as soon as possible. There are lots of open data to support the function of our service, such as:

2

After I know more about the competition, I realised the importance of open data and how it may contribute to the development of our lives. I’m looking forward to the day that I can use the open data to create my own app.

Related website:

https://www.openstockholmaward.se/

http://dataportalen.stockholm.se/dataportalen/

On the 5th of December, Stefan Hyttfors gave a lunch lecture about the future. Hyttfors mission is to inspire as many as possible to embrace change. He started his story with what was going on at the moment. Nowadays we use to many resources, that means that we borrow them from the future. In other words, in the future there will be a lack of resources. So, it is important to make a change. To create more value with less resources.

In the working force only 13% of the employees are happy with their jobs. The rest suffers from a lot of stress what makes them unhappy. This stress is caused by the not knowing how the future will look like. We have to learn how to live with this uncertainty. One thing is sure, that the future will be different then it is now.

But a risk of ignorance exists. New technologies for old problems are not always what companies are looking for. These new technologies do not fit in the business model of the company, this can result in not using or developing the technologies. Often start-ups or different companies will develop the technologies further and will bring it to the customers. This result in companies going bankrupt, because they are the best companies offering the wrong, old fashioned products.

A good method of creating more value with less resources is digitalizing. Digitalizing means dematerializing and decentralizing. For example your mobile phone now a days is able to make calls, send text, play music, take pictures, etc. 20 years ago all these features were different products.

We live in a world of virtual reality. For example Pokémon-Go, but also your bank account. These products make you think something is actually there, while it isn’t. A great possibility exists that artificial intelligence will replace a lot of people and jobs in the future.

On the 15 of November Sup46 hosted an event with guest speaker Bill Buxton. Bill buxton is a Canadian computer scientist and designer. Well known for being a pioneer in the human-computer interaction field.

Bill told about what he learned in the field of technological innovation. He started with the Edison myth. Everybody thinks Edison invented electricity, but he says this is a myth. Edison bought a lot of inventions and patented them. So, he put his name on the invention and hope that the inventions would become a success.

According to Buxton, Innovation has a long nose: technological innovations do not move fast. Most of the techniques used in the 1 billion industries are invented at least 20 years ago. The invention of these techniques are under the radar for a lot of years, till the market is matured and prepared for the use of the invention. A great example of this phenomena is the capacity multi-touch. Buxton and a team of engineers developed this technique in 1984. Apple used this technique for the first time in their iPhones and iPods that came out in 2007. Steve Jobs said during the keynote that Apple came up with a new technology and that it would become the next big thing (the Steve Jobs myth.)

Nowadays students and people are told to come up with the next big thing and capture the market. As Buxton says, this is all a lie and people are destined to fail if they believe in this myth. But how should we innovate?

  • Prospecting:
    • Look around. What kind of products were produced in the past, what kind of technologies were used(, but not anymore), what products are on the market, what inventions are done, and what technologies exist?
  • Mining
    • Filter on which ideas, inventions or technologies could be useful.
  • Refining
    • Use the found invention(s) to come up with a new product.
  • Goldsmithing
    • Bill Buxton: ‘Making the product worth more than its weight in gold.’

In conclusion, it is really important to know your history and look around.

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One last question arises, what is going to be the next big thing according to Bill Buxton?

A lot of the devices and products used nowadays are not connected at the moment. All the product are used on its own. Bill Buxton said that the step in innovation will be that all the devices used will synergies. It is important that the product will work on its own, but at the moment you come close or use another device they will connect. The devices should complement each other’s usage. For example: somebody is on the phone and the person has to leave for work. The moment the person enters their car and start it, the phone will connect to the car. The call switches to the hands free set in the car. The person is then allowed to drive and can go on with the call without interruptions.